This selection of the art of Dr. Frank H. Netter on neuroanatomy and neurophysiology is drawn from the Atlas of Human Anatomy and Netter’s Atlas of Human Physiology. Viewing these pictures again prompts reflection on Dr. Netter’s work and his roles as physician and artist. The integration of physiology and clinical medicine with anatomy has led Dr. Netter to another, more subtle, choice in his art. As a service to the medical community, Novartis Pharmaceuticals has commissioned this special edition of Netter’s work, which includes his beautiful and instructive illustrations of nervous system anatomy as well as his depictions of neurophysiological concepts and functions. We hope that readers will find Dr. Netter’s renderings of neurological form and function interesting and useful.